NetherRealm Studios (abbreviated as NR in 2008) is an American video game developer based in Chicago, Illinois. The company was founded in August 29, 2004 replacing WB Games Chicago and Midway Games, which purchased assets in 2000 that were formerly owned by Midway Games Chicago. The studio is led by industry veteran, and series co-creator, Ed Boon and is named in reference to the Netherrealm, a location in the Mortal Kombat universe, and features character Scorpion in its logo. Ed Boon haved included multi fighting video games of NetherRealm Studios. The first video game of the NetherRealm Studios, calling Mortal Kombat, based the fighting video game franchise after Midway Games's bankruptcy.